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How does a computer get infected with a Computer Malware?

Computer Malware

Today we will tell you how a computer is infected with a Computer Malware and How can you take care of it.

First let’s talk about how Computer Malware gets on your computer. One way you can get a security risk is through a bundled free software program, free is never usually a 100% free when it comes to software and apps. There’s always some sort of trade off, a lot of the time free software companies will partner with other companies and bundle additional software’s within the download. Mostly these programs are bundled with toolbar add-ons, however hidden within the software packages can be Spyware add libraries and even Browser Hijackers. Well these are not Malware, but they can still pose security risks to your computer.

How does a computer get infected with a Computer Malware

Another way to get Computer Malware is through file sharing sites, downloading content illegally is bad but it’s highly popular. Using a client like BitTorrent users can download media via peer-to-peer sharing. However, these files tend to travel across multiple computers which probably don’t have internet security software, so they are easily infected with Malware. Additionally, hackers can setup fake files on these networks that are based on popular downloads that are actually Malware in disguise. A newer form of Computer Malware was recently found concealed inside the firmware of a USB stick.

For more software embedded in the hardware device and used for the basic functioning of the device. Since the malware is hidden in the firmware and not the storage area of the USB stick, it’s very hard to detect. Attackers often have help getting on your machine in the form of exploit kits, these are malicious tool kits that attackers use to search for software vulnerabilities on their targets computer.

The kits come with pre-written code that will search for the vulnerabilities and once it’s found the kit can then load malware onto the computer through this security hole. These exploit kits allow attackers to infect us while we web browsing and it’s called a Drive-By Download. This is a download that occurs when a user visits a malicious website that’s hosting an Exploit Kit. There is no interaction needed on the user’s part other than visiting the infected web page, the Exploit Kit will look for the vulnerability in the software of the browser and inject Computer Malware via the security hole.

One of the newer ways to get Computer Malware is through Malvertising and it’s rising in popularity among cyber criminals. The hackers will purchase legitimate advertising space on legitimate websites and within the ad will be malicious code. Similar to a Drive-By Download there’s no interaction needed on the user’s part to download the Computer Malware. Often the attackers will fool you into infecting yourself, this is called Social Engineering. Think of a phishing attack you might get an email, instant message or other social media notice asking you to click on a link, sometimes these appears friendly notices from friends but they can also appear as scare tactics telling you have a problem and you have to respond immediately.

Clicking on that link can trigger a Drive-By Download the one we just talked about. You have to be very careful about what you click. Sadly, even in today’s digital age people still don’t understand the true need for an Internet Security Program. The cybercriminal industry cost the global economy approximately $300 billion a year. These numbers alone are prove how essential is it to have protection across all your devices as businesses certainly booming in the Malware world.

How to fix issues with Norton Live Update

norton-live-update

Today you will learn about Norton Live Update, it’s benefits and solving issues with Norton Live Update.

If you have a valid subscription and if your computer is connected to the internet, your Norton Product obtains and installs the latest protection updates using Live Update technology, which protects your computer from newly discovered threats, the latest viruses, and unknown security threats.

live-update-technology

By default, Live Update is automatic. However, it can also be switched to manual. To do so, open your Norton Product.

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Click “Settings” under “Quick Controls”, you can see the “Automatic Live Update” option, which is turned on by default. When it is ON, it is in automatic mode.

quick-controls

 

This is highly recommended, as the Norton product works, silently, every hour, to check if your protection updates are up to date. If not, the necessary latest protection updates are automatically downloaded, and updated to keep your computer safe.

Automatic to Manual Mode:

The Norton Live Update also downloads and installs the latest product update patches to keep your Norton product up to date. By turning it off, it switches to manual mode, which is not recommended.

You may need to need to choose the preferred duration or permanently turn it off by selecting an option from the drop-down menu.

Live Update Off

In this case, you need to manually run Live Update, at regular intervals.

Click on the “Live Update” option, under the “Security” tab in the main window, to get the latest protection updates.

Live Update can fail due to several reasons. The major reasons are, related to the internet connection, and insufficient disk space.

When there is no internet connection, you should ensure that the proxy server settings and parental application settings, do not block the connection.

norton-firewall-settings

Also, check that the “Network Cost Awareness” option is not set to “No Traffic”. If you have insufficient disk space, free enough disk space on the drive that has your Norton product.

You can also use the “Run Norton Auto fix” link, to resolve the issues with Live Update. If the problem persists, you can contact our Support Team at +1-855-966-3855 for free diagnosis. 

What is a Hacker and What do they do?

What is meant by the term Hacker? What do they and how?

A hacker can be anybody who uses their knowledge of computer coding to buy pass security measures on a computer, device or network. Early on viruses had various utilities and were engineered mostly by people in the computer science industry.

College students created viruses for research projects in order to help further their studies and fine-tune their coding skills. Hackers are generally categorized by the type of metaphorical hat they wear Whitehat, Greyhat, Blackhat, the term comes from the old spaghetti westerns where the bad guys wears the black cow boy hat and the good guy wears a white hat.

whitehatgreyhatblackhat

There are two main things that determine the type of hacker you dealing with, their motivations and whether or not they breaking the law. If we didn’t have white hat hackers seeking out threats and vulnerabilities before the Blackhats can find them then there probably would be a lot more cybercrime than there is now.

You shouldn’t worry unnecessarily about hacking programs. They’re quite rare on personal computers. It’s network managers who lose sleep over them.

The exclusion is if you run an everlasting (always-on) Internet connection, especially a broadband cable connection or DSL. Hackers just love to colonize these connections because they’re so useful. If you’ve got one of these you must install extra security like Norton Internet Security. Your service provider will be aware of the risk and should offer you advice on what kind of security you need.

What is Malware, it’s types and how to remove Malware?

Malware

Definition of Malware.

Malware is a phrase we’ve been hearing a lot of lately. We know it’s annoying and not something we want but most people don’t know exactly what it is. Malware is short for Malicious Software and the term is used to describe a lot of threats on the internet, Landscape, Viruses, Trojans, Bots, things that bad guys use to mess up your day. They may be trying to steal resources from your computer or trying to steal from you. They can range from slightly annoying to very harmful.

Today we will talk about:

  • Different types of Malware.

  • How we get them?

  • Learn how we can avoid them?

  • How to remove Malware from your device?

But first let’s talk about where they come from? Obviously since the term malicious is part of Malware there is some bad guys behind it and these bad guys want their malicious software on your machine often they are referred to as Hackers. But first let’s take a moment to talk about a hacker. Read More About Hackers…

 

Different Types of Malware

First, not all Malware’s are destructive but it can cause very annoying behavior like generating a bunch of pop-up ads or can cause your computer to run very slowly. These types of programs are not classified as Malware, they are known as Potentially Unwanted Applications or PUA’s which can come bundled in legitimate software programs as a package. These programs can negatively affect a computer and can even introduce other security risks or get you to buy something that you just don’t need.

Then there is Adware this is a software that displays unwanted advertising on a computer or mobile device usually in the form of pop-up ads or they may redirect your browser to a certain website. Well it usually doesn’t cause any direct harm to the user’s device but it can be very annoying. Annoying behavior that can sometimes contain Spyware as well.

Something almost like an Adware is a Browser Hijacker. Hijacking a browser means that malicious software has redirected your computer’s browser to a different website, generally used to display advertising it can be used to generate visits to a certain website or lead you to a malicious website that will download malware on to your computer and that’s where things can go from annoying to awful. And speaking of awful let’s take a look at the real bad guys of the Malware world, these are the ones you really have to watch out for. First let’s take a look at Spyware, this Malware is designed to do exactly what it sounds like, Spy. It hides on your computer and monitors everything you do. They can track web activity, access email and even steal your user name and password.

Next is Ransomware, we have been hearing a lot about this one lately and for good reason, with Ransomware someone can lockup your computer and holding it hostage and forcing you to pay a lot of money just to get your files back. This little guy is the great reason to regularly backup the important things on your computer. And then there is Worms, a computer Worms main objective is to spread as many copies of itself in any way possible from computer to computer. A Worm can replicate itself without any human interaction and it doesn’t need to attach itself to a program in order to cause damage. Worms can modify and delete files and even inject additional Malware on to the computer.

Another form of Malware we have heard before is a Trojan Horse much like the famous one from Roman history. These bits of Malware hide and what looks like a harmless software. Let’s look at a few, a Banking Trojan is a Malware that hides on your machine and gets in the middle of the conversation you’re having with your bank, it can steal the passwords to your bank account, it can make you think that you are talking to your bank and get you to hand over personal information even your pin number, but in the end, it steals your money, they can empty your bank account.

banking-trojan

Then we have Backdoor Trojans, these will look to create a backdoor on a user’s computer allowing the attacker to access the machine in order to get control of it, upload stolen data and even download more Malware onto the computer. The downloaded Trojan can get onto your computer and then download any type of information the attacker wants including more Malware and information stealer has one main objective, steal data from the infected computer. Another is a Remote Access Trojan. This Malware is designed to give the attacker the full control over your computer and last Trojan we will talk about DDOS attack, that’s a DDOS attack Trojan. The DDOS stands for Distributed Denial of Service and it’s designed to take down entire network by flooding it with traffic.

Now let’s move from Trojan Horse Malware to Macro Viruses. These are the type of Malware’s that are written specifically to alter Macros which a common command that word processing programs use. Once open, Macros can cause changes in the tax documents such as removing or inserting words, changing the font or even other strange and annoying behaviors. Some Macros can even access email accounts and send out copies of itself to a user’s contacts.

The last group of Malware we will talk about now are Rogueware and Scareware also known as Rogue Security Software. Rogueware is a Malware that says there’s a problem on your computer and offers to solve it if you pay them. Often it will pretend to be an antivirus software popping up on your screen to tell you your machine is full of Malware.

The only Malware on your system is the Rogueware, some of these scammers will pop up on your screen telling you that your computer operating system has errors or is running slowly or it could crash and they offer to fix the problem for a price as well. If you receive a message from a program you are not familiar with, informing you that you have a virus or serious error on your system, it’s a scam. An internet search of the program’s name will usually notify you if it’s Rogueware.

Read Here: How does a Computer get infect with a Malware?

How to Remove Malware from your Computer?

As you can see there’s a lot of ways that attackers are trying to get you. With that said let’s look at something you can do to try and stay away from a Malware attack. First, keep your computer OS and all software up-to-date, there update often include ways to stop the latest Malware. Think twice before you click on a link or download anything this includes email attachments that says that are coming from your friends or companies you do business with.

Don’t trust pop-up windows that ask you to download software for free, remember free is rarely free. Do regular backs up on all the important things on your computer, that doesn’t stop Malware but it does protect what you have should you find yourself a victim of Ransomware. And finally use good security software. Today you need more than just antivirus software, you need security that is on the lookouts for all sorts of attacks.

Obviously, we recommend Norton Security and Norton Security Premium. Norton defends against Viruses, Spywares, Malware’s and all the other we talked about, that will help you to avoid some of the nastiest of Malware. But what if you think you already been infected? Norton can help you there as well, there is some free software you can trust. Norton Power Eraser is a free virus removal tool that can be downloaded from Norton website and run to remove Malware and threats from your computer. You can run this tool to scan for threats even if you don’t have Norton product or any other security product. Norton Power Eraser is easy to download and it scans your computer quickly to detect and remove the most aggressive computer viruses, there you have.

Like we said the goal here is not to scare you but to educate you, Malware is tricky that can do some destructive things but it can also be avoided if you use your head.